ISSN: 2251-8363    eISSN: 2251-8819  
J Nephropathol. 2017;6(3):118-125.
doi:10.15171/jnp.2017.20
PMID: 28975089
PMCID: PMC5607970

Scopus id: 85019746684

Review

Traditional uses of medicinal plants to prevent and treat diabetes; an updated review of ethnobotanical studies in Iran

Majid Asadi-Samani 1, Mohammad-Taghi Moradi 2 * , Leila Mahmoodnia 3, Shahla Alaei 2, Fatemeh Asadi-Samani 2, Tahra Luther 4

1 Student Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4 Department of General Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
*Corresponding author: Mohammad-Taghi Moradi; Email: mtmoradi65@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Obesity and physical inactivity are currently on the rise due to industrialization of the communities, which has recently led to increased incidence of different diseases such as diabetes. Epidemiological studies and figures have demonstrated the growing incidence of diabetes. Relevantly, the side effects of chemical drugs have led patients to use medicinal plants and traditional approaches despite advances in development of chemical drugs. The aim of this review article is to report the medicinal plants and their traditional uses to prevent and treat diabetes according to the findings of ethnobotanical studies conducted in different regions of Iran.

Evidence Acquisitions: The search terms including ethnobotany, ethnomedicine, ethnopharmacology, phytopharmacology, phytomedicine, Iran, and traditional medicine in combination with diabetes, blood sugar and hyperglycemic were searched from scientific databases.

Results: The results of this article can be a comprehensive guideline, based on ethnobotany of different regions of Iran, to prevent and treat diabetes. According to this review article, certain plant species such as Urtica dioica L., popularly called nettle, in eight regions, Teucrium polium L., popularly called poleigamander, in five regions, and Trigonella foenum-graecum L., Citrullus colocynthis (L.), Schrad., and Juglans regia L. in four regions, were reported to be frequently used to prevent and treat diabetes

Conclusions: The introduced medicinal plants in this review can be investigated in further research and produce new drugs with limited side effects

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

The introduced medicinal plants in this review paper can be new options, based on ethnobotany of different regions of Iran, to use in subsequent laboratory research and clinical trials for discovering and producing herbal drugs for prevention and treatment of diabetes.

Please cite this paper as: Asadi-Samani MA, Moradi MT, Mahmoodnia  L, Alaei S, Asadi-Samani F, Luther T. Traditional uses of medicinal plants to prevent and treat diabetes; an updated review of ethnobotanical studies in Iran. J Nephropathol. 2017;6(3):118-125. DOI: 10.15171/jnp.2017.20.

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